runp: run shell commands in parallel
I’m using shell (bash specifically) on daily basis. From time to time a need arises to run multiple commands in parallel. For example my .bashrc runs commands like these to download or clone vim plugins I use:
curl -L -o $HOME/.git-completion.bash https://raw.githubusercontent.com/git/git/master/contrib/completion/git-completion.bash rm -rf $HOME/.vim/pack/plugins/start/grep.vim && git clone https://github.com/yegappan/grep.git $HOME/.vim/pack/plugins/start/grep.vim # https://tpaschalis.github.io/vim-go-setup/ rm -rf $HOME/.vim/pack/plugins/start/vim-go && git clone https://github.com/fatih/vim-go.git $HOME/.vim/pack/plugins/start/vim-go
The problem is that these commmands run sequentially and it takes a while until they are done. I was thinking of a way how to speed them up. So to scratch my itch I came up with runp.
Why and how to use it
Now I can run those commands (I stored them in
install-my-stuff.txt) in parallel:
Let’s see how much time did I save:
$ time bash install-my-stuff.txt <...> real 0m15.690s user 0m3.440s sys 0m0.902s $ time runp install-my-stuff.txt <...> real 0m3.678s user 0m3.904s sys 0m0.880s
Hmm, around 12 seconds. Not bad I think :-).
If you don’t want
runp to add any output of its own (that is sent to stderr by the way) use the
-q flag to quiet it:
$ runp -q install-my-stuff.txt % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 100 70071 100 70071 0 0 145k 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 145k Cloning into '/home/reisinge/.vim/pack/plugins/start/vim-go'... Cloning into '/home/reisinge/.vim/pack/plugins/start/grep.vim'...
How to install it
runp is easy to install it. It’s a single binary that you download and make it executable:
# choose your system and architecture export SYS=linux # or darwin export ARCH=amd64 # or arm # download it an make it executable curl -L https://github.com/jreisinger/runp/releases/latest/download/runp-$SYS-$ARCH -o ~/bin/runp chmod u+x ~/bin/runp
The commands to execute can be supplied also via stdin. It means that
runp can be used within pipelines like this one:
$ for dir in $HOME /etc /tmp; do echo sudo "du -sh $dir"; done | runp -q | sort -h 13M /tmp 17M /etc 370G /home/reisinge
Here we generate the commands to run in a bash for loop. Then we pipe the commands into
runp. Finally the
runp’s output (stdout) is sorted.
We can simplify by using the
-p flag which adds a prefix string to the final command that will be run:
$ echo -e "$HOME\n/etc\n/tmp" | runp -q -p 'sudo du -sh' | sort -h 13M /tmp 17M /etc 370G /home/reisinge
The final example shows how to find open ports from a list of hosts and ports:
# file with host-port pairs $ cat host-port.txt localhost 80 localhost 81 127.0.0.1 443 127.0.0.1 444 localhost 22 # find out which ports are listening $ cat host-port.txt | runp -p 'netcat -v -w2 -z' -q 2>&1 | egrep 'open$' localhost [127.0.0.1] 443 (https) open localhost [127.0.0.1] 80 (http) open localhost [127.0.0.1] 22 (ssh) open